Irina Bokova

In 2016, Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, delivered the 14th Europe Lecture. The theme of this lecture was Cultural Heritage at Risk i. Silvia Fernández de Gurmendi i and Sada Mire i also shared their view on this topic. They were introduced by Sneška Quaedvlieg-Mihailović, Secretary-General of Europa Nostra.

Contents

1.

Irina Bokova

Irina Bokova

Ms. Irina Bokova (Bulgaria, 1952) has been the Director-General of UNESCO since 15 November 2009 and was re-elected for a second term in 2013. Ms. Bokova has successfully pushed forward a strong UN agenda for better preservation of humanity's cultural heritage.

In particular, Ms. Bokova and UNESCO have proven to be successful in further criminalising the illegal trade in cultural artifacts and in persecuting those that willfully destroy parts of cultural history.

2.

Lecture

I feel especially privileged to speak in this splendid Kloosterkerk, which dates back to the 14th century, which was a starting point of the artistic renaissance that gave birth to such world-known artistic creations as the illuminated manuscript, the Hours of Margaret of Cleves.

This church has a fascinating story to tell.

It has been abandoned -- it has been used as a munition store -- it has served as a hospital – it has provided shelter for a cavalry company -- it has been damaged and some suggested it should be torn down.

And yet, it has somehow withstood the trials and tribulations of time… remaining a longstanding companion and symbol for the people of this city, for the people of the Netherlands. I believe this carries a strong message about the power of culture and heritage to resist, to suffer and rise again… and whenever culture is reborn, people rise with it.

3.

Previous speakers

Year

Speaker

Moderator

Theme

2014

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga i

Jonathan Holslag i

Tom de Bruijn i

Peace and Security i

2013

F.W. de Klerk i

Karel van Wolferen i

Bernard Bot i

Europe in the World i

2010

Herman van Rompuy i

Frans Timmermans i

Europa 2030

2009

Jan Peter Balkenende i

Jacek Saryusz-Wolksi i

Europa: een unieke geschiedenis, een unieke toekomst i

2001

Javier Solana i

Dick Benschop i

Enlargement of European Union: Opportunity of Threat? i

2000

Gerhard Aigner i

Margo Vliegenthart i

EURO 2000 and the Social Significance of Sport i

1999

Hans Tietmeyer i

Nout Wellink i

The Euro: The New Common Currency i

1998

Jan Hoet i

Rudi Fuchs i

Beeldende kunst in Europa i

1997

Mary Robinson i

Wim Kok i

Europe, the Need for Self-Reflection i

1996

Richard Goldstone i

Maarten van Traa i

Human Rights, Peace and Justice in Europe i

1995

Raymond Kendall i

Arthur Doctors van Leeuwen i

Law Enforcement in Europe i

1994

Lord Peter Carrington i

Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst i

Peace and Security in Europe i

1993

Jacques Attali i

Wim Duisenberg i

The Costs of European Reconstruction i