Mary Robinson

In 2005, Mary Robinson, former President of the Irish Republic and High Commissioner for Human Rights at the United Nations, delivered the fifth Europe Lecture. She spoke about 'self-reflection in the European Union' and was introduced by Wim Kok i.

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1.

Mary Robinson

 
Mary Robinson

Mary Robinson is a former president of the Republic of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and, in 2013, remains Irelands' most popular president to date. She left office a month before her tenure ended to become High Commissioner for Human Rights at the United Nations from 1997 to 2002. Mary Robinson is rumoured to have been considered for the position of president of the European Council. She is a member of The Elders.

2.

Lecture

I am deeply conscious of the honour of delivering this fifth Europe Lecture, and that I do so on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome. If we were thinking of that anniver­sary in human terms, it could coincide with a mid-life crisis. And given the organic development of the European project, perhaps we should recognise the potential analogy. A key element, after all, has been that capacity for organic growth.

And yet, having the capacity for such development does not guarantee that it will happen or that it will continue. There must be a dynamic which triggers it from with­in. So let us pause and reflect on this institutional Europe which, I believe, is entering the most critical and challenging phase in its development.

3.

Previous speakers

Year

Speaker

Moderator

Theme

2014

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga i

Jonathan Holslag i

Tom de Bruijn i

Peace and Security i

2013

F.W. de Klerk i

Karel van Wolferen i

Bernard Bot i

Europe in the World i

2010

Herman van Rompuy i

Frans Timmermans i

Europa 2030

2009

Jan Peter Balkenende i

Jacek Saryusz-Wolksi i

Europa: een unieke geschiedenis, een unieke toekomst i

2001

Javier Solana i

Dick Benschop i

Enlargement of European Union: Opportunity of Threat? i

2000

Gerhard Aigner i

Margo Vliegenthart i

EURO 2000 and the Social Significance of Sport i

1999

Hans Tietmeyer i

Nout Wellink i

The Euro: The New Common Currency i

1998

Jan Hoet i

Rudi Fuchs i

Beeldende kunst in Europa i

1997

Mary Robinson i

Wim Kok i

Europe, the Need for Self-Reflection i

1996

Richard Goldstone i

Maarten van Traa i

Human Rights, Peace and Justice in Europe i

1995

Raymond Kendall i

Arthur Doctors van Leeuwen i

Law Enforcement in Europe i

1994

Lord Peter Carrington i

Berend-Jan van Voorst tot Voorst i

Peace and Security in Europe i

1993

Jacques Attali i

Wim Duisenberg i

The Costs of European Reconstruction i